5. FIP lesson plan
FIP: First Important Priorities
FOCUS ON PRIORITIES
In most of the other lessons, the effort has been directed towards generating as many ideas as possible: as wide a PMI as possible; as many factors as possible for a CAF; as comprehensive a C&S as possible; all the different objectives, etc. FIP is a crystallization of the process of picking out the most important ideas, factors, objectives, consequences, etc. Obviously some of these ideas are more important than others. The purpose of FIP is to restore the balance in a deliberate manner.
If you try to pick out only the most important points from the start, you will be able to see only a small part of the picture. But if you start by trying to see as large a picture as possible, then your eventual assessment of importance will be much more valid. This is why the FIP lesson comes late in the series.
Like the PMI, the FIP operation can be used in subsequent lessons or in other subject areas whenever some assessment of importance is required. If students turn up with ideas which are valid as ideas but not of great importance, they can be asked to do a FIP on the situation.
FIP is a judgment situation and there are no absolute answers. What one person believes to be most important another person may place far down the list of priorities. The intention of the lesson is to focus attention directly onto this assessment of importance. Once you can do a FIP, then you are free to generate as many ideas as you like. If you cannot do a FIP, then you are only able to consider ideas that have an obvious importance at first sight -and you may well never get to consider any other ideas at all.
PRACTICE ITEM 1. From the list of six factors each group picks out the top three priorities. These need not be given in the order of importance. The outputs can be given verbally by each group in turn. They can also be written down on a piece of paper so that the teacher can compare them and perhaps draw up a "voting" list on board. Time allowed is 3 minutes.
PRACTICE ITEM 2. Each group works on this problem for 4 minutes, at the end of which one group is designated to give its output. Other groups and individuals are then invited to say whether they agree with the designated group. This discussion must, however, be kept brief.
Getting the rod back to the person it belongs to.
Pointing out to the boy why stealing is wrong.
Trying to make sure it does not happen again.
Being very angry.
Punishing the boy.
PRACTICE ITEM 3. Each group does an AGO followed by a FIP. Time allowed is 3 minutes. One group is designated to give all the objectives. Another group then gives its top three priorities. The remaining groups can then disagree with these.
AGO: to look nice, to be individual, to be in fashion, to keep warm, to spend as little
money as possible, to compete with someone else.
FIP: to look nice, to keep warm, to spend as little money as possible.
Open discussion with the class as a whole, acting as individuals rather than groups.
Are priorities natural or should you make a special effort to choose them?
Are the priorities always obvious?
When is it most useful to find priorities?
How do you choose priorities?
The groups look at the list of learning points given in the student workcards. They are asked to pick out the principle they think is most important. The groups can also be asked to criticize any one of the principles or to make up a principle of their own.